What is Child Development?
Child development refers to the biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual child progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy.
Child development is a continuous process with a predictable sequence yet having a unique course for every child.
A growing body of scientific evidence shows that the way babies are cared for in their early days will determine not only their emotional development, but the biological development of the child’s brain and central nervous system as well.
Developmental Delay can occur in any child. Global developmental delay is a subset of developmental disabilities defined as significant delay in two or more of the following developmental domains:
- Gross/Fine Motor
- Speech/Language, Cognition
- Activities Of Daily Living
Risk Factors for Developmental Delay resulting in deficits in Intellectual Functioning, and deficits in Adaptive skills
A) Biologic Risk
- Low Birth Weight
- Birth Asphyxia
- Neo Natal Seizures
- CNS Infection
B) Established Risk
- Maternal Disease
- Genetic Chromosomal Anomalies,
- Teratogenic Drugs ,
- TORCH Infections
- Substance Abuse In Parents ( Alcohol, Smoking etc)
- Maternal Stress
C) Environmental Risk
- Lack of Stimulation in home environment
- Parents Literacy Skills / Ignorance
- Exposure to Digital Devices for long hours below 2 years of age
Deficits in Intellectual Functioning are deficits such as in reasoning, problem-solving, planning, abstract thinking, judgment, academic learning and learning from experience, and practical understanding confirmed by both clinical assessment and individualized, standardized intelligence testing.
- Deficits in adaptive functioning are deficits that result in failure to meet developmental and socio cultural standards for personal independence and social responsibility. Without ongoing support, the adaptive deficits limit functioning in one or more activities of daily life, such as communication, social participation, and independent living, and across multiple environments, such as home, school work and recreation.
- There are 30 percent children in the total population of children with developmental delays who had no apparent risk before birth, at birth or after birth but resulted in deficits in intellectual functioning and deficits in adaptive skills.